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further reading links rape violence against men/women

>Men’s Rights Myth: False Rape Accusations

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Men’s Rights Movement Claim: A high percentage — 40% or more — of rape accusations are false.

The Facts: This claim is dubious. The studies claiming these high numbers have been debunked. Better studies estimate the rate of false accusations as being in the single digits, generally in a range from 2-8%.

Here are some useful posts and papers on the subject. You’ll notice they don’t all agree with one another; It’s a complicated subject. 

False Rape Allegations Are Rare (YesMeansYes)
Excerpt:

The reputable, methodologically sound reviews put the frequency of false reports in the single-digit percentages. There are people who, for propaganda reasons, keep saying that the incidence of false reports is much higher. They create these figures with biased reviews or intellectually dishonest mislabeling. … A new study … based on a review of every single rape allegation made to a US university police department — the study does not disclose which school — over a ten year period. The result: 5.9 percent false allegations.

Critique of Eugene Kanin’s Study Of False Rape Reports (Alas, a blog)
Excerpt:

Eugene Kanin famously found that 41%, or perhaps 50%, of rapes reported to police are false. Kanin’s study is both badly designed and unverifiable; more reliable studies have found that between 2% and 8% of rapes reported to police are false reports.

Here’s the Kanin study being discussed. (pdf).

False Allegations Of Rape Not Common – Or Are They? (Alas, a blog)
More on Kanin.

Report on False Reporting Of Non-Stranger Rapes (abyss2hope)
A discussion of a paper that notes:

In the research literature, estimates for the percentage of sexual assault reports that are false have varied widely, virtually across the entire possible spectrum. For example, a very comprehensive review article documented estimates from 1.5% to 90% (Rumney, 2006). However, very few of these estimates are based on research that could be considered credible. Most are reported without the kind of information that would be needed to evaluate their reliability and validity. A few are little more than published opinions, based either on personal experience or a non-systematic review (e.g. of police files, interviews with police investigators, or other information with unknown reliability and validity).

The paper reviews recent research and notes that the most credible studies find “the rate of false reporting for sexual assault is in the range of 2-8%.”

NOTE: the link to the study on abyss2hope is broken. This one works. (It’s a pdf.)

Why it’s so hard to quantify false rape charges, by Emily Bazelon and Rachael Larimore (Slate) 

[I]sn’t the rate of false rape charges an empirical question, with a specific answer that isn’t vulnerable to ideological twisting? Yes and no. There has been a burst of research on this subject. Some of it is careful, but much of it is questionable. While most of the good studies converge at a rate of about 8 percent to 10 percent for false rape charges, the literature isn’t quite definitive enough to stamp out the far higher estimates.

Anti-feminist myths debunked (Pandagon)
Contains an interesting discussion of the Kanin study.

Claims about McDowell’s research into false rape allegations are not credible (Feminist Critics)
Discussion of another study that found a high percentage of false accusations.

Why Women Allegedly Lie About Rape (abyss2hope)
Also discusses McDowell’s Air Force study

The myth of women’s false accusations of domestic violence and rape and misuse of protection orders (Michael Flood)
Excerpt:

Myth: Women routinely make up allegations of domestic violence and rape, including to gain advantage in family law cases. And women use protection orders to remove men from their homes or deny contact with children.

Facts: The risk of domestic violence increases at the time of separation. Most allegations of domestic violence in the context of family law proceedings are made in good faith and with support and evidence for their claims. Rates of false accusations of rape are very low. Women living with domestic violence often do not take out protection orders and do so only as a last resort. Protection orders provide an effective means of reducing women’s vulnerability to violence.

Note: I think this paper lowballs the estimate of false rape accusations. See the YesMeansYes article above for what I think is a more reasonable take.

False Allegations, Recantations, and Unfounding in the Context of Sexual Assault, Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force (pdf)
Explains why recantations cannot be taken as definitive proof that an allegation is false.

Because recantation is used so frequently by victims to halt criminal justice involvement, it should never be seen, in and of itself, as indicative of a false report.

Another kind of false allegation:

The myth of false accusations of child abuse (Michael Flood)
Excerpt:

Myth: Women routinely make false accusations of child abuse or domestic violence to gain advantage in family law proceedings and to arbitrarily deny their ex-partners’ access to the children.

Facts: Allegations of child abuse are rare. False allegations are rare; False allegations are made by fathers and mothers at equal rates; The child abuse often takes place in families where there is also domestic violence; Allegations of child abuse rarely result in the denial of parental contact.

(Note: Most data cited from Australia.)

Rape Myths Past and Present

An article in the British magazine New Statesman, by Joanna Bourke, Professor of History at Birkbeck and author of Rape: A History from the 1860s to the Present (Virago, 2007). Excerpt:

[W]hat is the risk of an accused man being falsely accused of rape? Popular prejudices estimate that around half of rape victims are lying, but a major Home Office research project in 2000-2003 concluded that only three per cent of rape allegations were false. Indeed, contrary to the notion that men are at risk of being falsely accused, it is much more common for actual rapists to get away with their actions. Around four-fifths of rapes are never reported to the police. And only five per cent of rapes reported to the police ever end in a conviction. This is the lowest attrition rate of any country in Europe, except for Ireland.

None of this is to say that people aren’t falsely accused — of rape, and of other crimes — or falsely convicted. They are, and it’s a tragedy. Here are two groups that advocate for the the falsely accused and falsely convicted:

The Innocence Project

The National Center for Reason and Justice

NOTE: I have added text and links to this post since I originally posted it.

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Eoghan
11 years ago

>Buring the false accusation proplem makes it harder for genuine victims to come forward. False accusations arent a mens movement myth, false accusations pre-date the mens movement.At the end of the day, if 40% of rape accusers recanted, said they made a false complaint and state what motivated them to do it in a number of different studies and police stations all over the world estimate similar rates, I'll be going with 40%.Also, false accusations or the threat of them are a common enough tactic for abusive women. Falsely accused the man of hitting or beating her – 67.2% of menFiled a restraining order against him under false pretenses – 38.7%Falsely accused them of physically abusing the children – 48.9%Falsely accused by their partners of sexually abusing the children – 15.4%In addition, 3.9% of female batterers threatened to make a false accusation. Two men wrote:She threatened to ruin me financially, ruin my professional reputation (we work together), lock me out of the house, and tell the police anything she wants to tell them.She has promised to lie and accuse me of physical abuse against her, sexual abuse of our daughter, if that helps her win custody.”http://www.clarku.edu/faculty/dhines/Hin…

ScareCrow
11 years ago

>Uhm, sorry, but the study I came across was conducted at an air-force base.It concluded that 60% of rape-claims were false.It does not seem to me like the BLOGS you list above are in any way credible.Since when are BLOGS credible in the first place – unless they actually SITE proper research or studies…If those BLOGS you list did that – why did you link to the blogs, instead of siting the studies that they site?http://www.falserape.net/falserapeafa.htmThere is the actual study. It sites the number of cases that were examined, it is not some hot-headed person griping, or siting a book that is speculation etc… It is actual research, and the criteria for what constitutes a FALSE ACCUSATION is very clear – the alleged victim admitting it was a HOAX.Also, the pandagon.net link – that is just somebody rambling. I did not see any research they sited. All they did was site news articles or books that are just speculatory. The articles themselves did not site any research…I could easily write a bit on my blog entitled, "100% of rape claims are false – women never get raped". It does not mean that it is in anyway truthful. Only a fool would link to it as a reference…Can you please site actual research when you make these claims.

John Dias
11 years ago

>Why is it that these so-called "more reputable" government studies put the percentage of false rape allegations in the single digits, and yet juries put the number of rape convictions in the single digits (that is, in Europe; in the U.S. and Canada the conviction rate for rape is in the teens)? Just because the government doesn't recognize a particular allegation as fabricated doesn't mean that it wasn't. Therefore, they're probably low-balling the true number of false allegations. How credible can the government's low figure be if it ideologically assumes that beyond its singe-digit percentage of false allegations, somehow 100% of the remaining rape cases are genuine rapes and accurate allegations? In the U.S., 85% of rape cases fail to result in a conviction. In Sweden, 99% of rape cases fail to result in a conviction.Source:"Cross National Studies in Crime and Justice"Bureau of Justice StatisticsSeptember 2004, NCJ 200988Edited by David P. Farrington, Patrick A. Langan, and Michael Tonryhttp://www.dvstats.org/pdf/rape/farrington-langan-tonry-2004.pdf

bishopsinister
11 years ago

>A couple of questions for the feminists here. Let's for the sake of argument assume that your claim that merely 2 percent of rape claims are false is correct. Just for argument's sake. 1. What protections and or laws have feminists tried to legislate for, not say they agree with, or claim they would be for, but ACTUALLY pushed for in order to protect this 2% from being falsely imprisoned? Why do feminists seem to think that it is okay that these 2% go to prison? 2. Specifically, give me a number of seconds or days or hours or years, that a woman who does make a false rape claim should get in prison.3. If rape is really just about power, why are most rapes of women in their child bearing/fertile age? Please don't give me some story about a man who raped an 80 year old, I am talking overall trends.4. If women are truly raped in these ridiculously high numbers, then doesn't it suggest that woman need to change their behavior, ie, dress, excess drinking in order to prevent this? Random Brother

David Futrelle
11 years ago

>Scare crow. it would help if you actually read 1) my post and 2) the articles linked to in my post before making comments on 1) my post and 2) the articles linked to in my post.The posts I link to cite and provide links to actual studies. Several of them make specific reference to the McDowell (air force) study. Your link to the study is not actually a link to the study, but to people talking about the study. The study is not available online (I've looked). If you have found it online, please post a link. I will add a link to the Kanin study. John, I will respond to your comment once I have a chance to look over the study you reference. May not be right away.

ScareCrow
11 years ago

>@David – You mean I actually have to read what you write!?DANG!!!!

ScareCrow
11 years ago

>P.S. ANSWER BISHOPSINISTER'S QUESTIONS!!!!

David Futrelle
11 years ago

>RB: 1) Complicated issue. Will discuss in future post.2) No. Complicated issue. Will discuss in future post.3) Never said that. Ask someone who has said that.4) No.

David Futrelle
11 years ago

>Actually, RB (and anyone else) let me ask you one question:1. Most rapists are never jailed for their crimes. What protections and or laws have MRAs tried to legislate for, not say they agree with, or claim they would be for, but ACTUALLY pushed for in order to make sure these rapists are punished for their crimes? Why do MRAs seem to think that it is okay that most rapes go unpunished?

ScareCrow
11 years ago

>@David"Most rapists are never jailed for their crimes. "Prove it.And – if you are going to prove that, why not also get the numbers for how many men are jailed for rape when they did not rape anybody…Then compare the two.

Cold
11 years ago

>Actually David, the False Rape Society that you put on your enemies list, earning yourself a massive quantity of douchebag points in the process, gave a very lucid answer to your question a few months ago.

Cold
11 years ago

>"2. Specifically, give me a number of seconds or days or hours or years, that a woman who does make a false rape claim should get in prison.""2) No. Complicated issue. Will discuss in future post."Not a complicated issue at all, in fact I'll give my own answer to that right now:The main objection to harsh punishments for false accusers is that it makes them unlikely to come forward. I, however, have come up with a simple system to punish false accusers effectively while also leaving them with a solid incentive to recant their accusations.Anyone who falsely accuses anyone of a crime (not just rape) can voluntarily come forward to confess their false accusation at any time between when they made it and when/if they are formally charged with making it. If they confess, they are sentenced to a certain multiple of the number of days that elapsed since they made the false accusation, say 2x or 3x, and are put on an internal false accusers registry which is accessible to law enforcement personnel but not to the public. This gives the false accuser a strong incentive to recant their accusation sooner rather than later and avoid a long prison sentence, and this in turn also spares the falsely accused from a lot of anguish.On the other hand, if the false accuser never comes forward and later on the police figure out that he/she fabricated the whole thing, they can formally charge that person and it is then too late to confess except in the form of a guilty plea. If the false accuser pleads not guilty, then the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant KNOWINGLY made a false accusation.Upon conviction, the false accuser faces the same sentencing guidelines as are in place for the crime for which he/she made the false accusation, but in addition to having to serve this sentence the false accuser is also placed on a PUBLIC false accuser registry so that everyone can be aware of the danger this person poses to their freedom and reputation.See David, that's not so hard.

John Dias
11 years ago

>@David Futrelle:"Most rapists are never jailed for their crimes."Proof needed! Point me to objective, credible evidence of just a single example (let alone "most") in which someone was convicted of a rape charge in court, sentenced to jail, and yet was nevertheless released free. One example will satisfy me for now… Just name a single case. One. Unless, of course, your feminist ideology produced that bogus figure — in which case please just admit to that and eat some humble pie right here in the comments section of your own blog.Admit it, David. You made the assumption that there is an epidemic of unpunished rapes because feminists have done surveys in which the survey respondents claim to have been raped but never reported it, or did report it but the suspect was never convicted. These surveys do not prove guilt, nor do they prove that a rape even occurred in the first place.Even if evidence indicates that a rape occurred and formal criminal charges are filed, remember that the accused pleads not guilty. Why should the accuser's word have any more weight than the word of the accused, if you believe in a just society? In a just society, we don't throw people in jail unless they have been determined to have violated the law after receiving due process.

Tec
Tec
11 years ago

>"3. If rape is really just about power, why are most rapes of women in their child bearing/fertile age? Please don't give me some story about a man who raped an 80 year old, I am talking overall trends."Overall trends? Like women being the majority of rape victims? (eye rolls)You MRAs engage in such mind boggling doublethink sometimes… or rather all the time.I'd like to point out a major fallacy with thinking that x% represents number of convicted rapes that are false accusation cases because in either case – whether looking at the 2-8% cases or Kanin's 40%, those cases never go to trial. In fact, take for instance, the study in one of the sites:http://yesmeansyesblog.wordpress.com/2010/09/09/false-rape-allegations-are-rare/5.9% – found to be false44% – no disciplinary action14% – not sufficient to continue processing35.3% – went to case proceedingThen that means only 35.3% of cases even went to disciplinary action (by the uni or by police trial) – any rape convictions could only have come from that pool of 35.3%. Assuming that 5.9% of rape convictions are false, as one commentor does, is pure BS then. Even if we accepted Kanin's study at face value with the 40% (which I of course, do not), then ~25% of real rapes weren't even taken to further action. This is almost 5x the number of proven false allegations (5.9%). Or if you accept that only 5.9% were actually false, then ~59% of rapes aren't prosecuted, 10x the number of proven false allegations at 5.9%.And of course, that's only taking into account reported rapes. Of course there are flaws in this argument. (I.e. you can't assume that the total of the 40% would be in the non-prosecuted 64%) But, given that that 35.3% would most likely have evidence to go to further prosecution, it's a reasonable argument to make.Also, another huge mistake is conflating false accusations with wrongful accusations, which is commonly done.As abyss2hope points out several times, the only way to prevent false/wrongful convictions as well as ensure rightful convictions is proper investigation of the rape claim.

IR
IR
11 years ago

>"Most rapists are never jailed for their crimes."How do we know "most rapists are never jailed for their crimes?" I'm not going to just accept what you say as scripture.

John Dias
11 years ago

>@David Futrelle:"Actually, RB (and anyone else) let me ask you one question:. . .Why do MRAs seem to think that it is okay that most rapes go unpunished?"Translation: "Please explain my own psychosis to me. Don't care to? Ha! Gotcha there, MRAs!"You know, come to think of it, they really ought to pass a law making rape illegal. Let me go on record right now that I would support such a law.

IR
IR
11 years ago

>@John DiasFeminists like David think that their feelings are more important than your life. That's what those "take back the night" rallies are all about – all men may be more likely to be assaulted and murdered by a stranger, but some women are afraid of the dark. Guess who feminists are more worried about?

David Futrelle
11 years ago

>John: Please read before posting. I was paraphrasing RB's question which made a similarly ridiculous assumption about feminists. As for "most rapists are never jailed,' it's true. Most rapes are unreported, and most of the time they are reported no arrests are made:>Rape in this country is surprisingly easy to get away with. The arrest rate last year was just 25 percent – a fraction of the rate for murder – 79 percent, and aggravated assault – 51 percent.http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/11/09/cbsnews_investigates/main5590118.shtmlIf you have a study that suggests that the overwhelming majority of these reported rapes are simply imaginary, let's see it.

Tec
Tec
11 years ago

>Clarification:Note to say that there are no cases of false or wrongful convictions; there certainly are. But we just don't know what the stats on that are and they can't be extrapolated from % false rape allegations as many MRAs erroneously suggest.

Cold
11 years ago

>"Most rapes are unreported"How do you know this? Do you have a vast network of hidden cameras that record every location where a rape could possible take place, and do you then compare the total number of rapes recorded to the number of reports made? I ask because that's about the only method that comes to mind by which you could make such a claim without talking out of your ass.

John Dias
11 years ago

>@Tec:"As abyss2hope points out several times, the only way to prevent false/wrongful convictions as well as ensure rightful convictions is proper investigation of the rape claim."The only way?1. More prosecutorial discretion:If you want to increase the conviction rate for rape from its current 15% (of all accusations, not just those that go to trial) to a higher percentage, then prosecutors should exercise greater discretion before filing charges "just in case." This would mean NOT formally charging as many people as possible, and that decision would be the just outcome of a thorough police investigation which might not produce enough evidence to issue an indictment (maybe because the accused is innocent, or because the accuser was never even victimized).2. Restore due process for defendants in rape trials:Allow due process protections for defendants in rape cases, such as being able to acknowledge a pattern of false allegations in the accuser's past (some "rape shield laws" prohibit this).3. More "Wait for the Verdict" Attitudes:Culturally-speaking, don't form conclusions of guilt in the absence of due process or a jury verdict. We saw that the Duke lacrosse team was skewered by the feminists on their college campus even when there was compelling videotaped surveillance footage that showed that the accused were not at the scene of the alleged crime at the time it was reported to have occurred. Nevertheless, they were roundly condemned as monsters, providing them with the justification to sue for damages. This environment of condemnation provided the impetus for the prosecutor (Nifong) to withhold evidence, a blatant crime and an injustice, for which he was disbarred and discredited.

John Dias
11 years ago

>@Tec:"But we just don't know what the stats on that are and they can't be extrapolated from % false rape allegations as many MRAs erroneously suggest."Feminists (including feminists who are writing reports for the government) claim that the rate of false allegations is in the "single digits," as David suggests. There is simply no way to extrapolate from solely the most obvious fabrications that these are the only false allegations out there, and yet feminists make the erroneous claim anyway that false allegations are in the single digits. It is not erroneous to use logic to reject such erroneous feminist dogma.

Sandy
11 years ago

>1. What protections and or laws have feminists tried to legislate for, not say they agree with, or claim they would be for, but ACTUALLY pushed for in order to protect this 2% from being falsely imprisoned? Why do feminists seem to think that it is okay that these 2% go to prison?It is not good that innocent people are convicted. However, every system will have two types of error: falses positives and false negatives. There is nothing you can do to eliminate either type of error from the system, but you can push the system towards one type of error and a way from the other. In the case of criminal justice, we want to push away from false positives and towards false negatives. This is why we have the standard of "beyond a reasonable doubt" while in civil cases the standard for truth is "clear and convincing evidence" or "preponderance of the evidence."One thing that will help lower the rate of false convictions is repeal of drug laws. The criminal justice system is clogged with drug cases, and it is hurting the efficacy of the system in general.Another is better training and police procedures (which would also improve if the police were not so overwhelmed with the war on drugs). Many false convictions stem not from false accusation, but from prosecution of the wrong man. This can be the result of sloppy police work, where police focus on or even frame one suspect they "know" is guilty in order to push the investigation through. Poor line ups also lead to more false convictions. A traumatized victim is subject to error of memory, and is extremely suggestible. If police show the victim a single photo or person and say "was this the man?" the victim can become convinced it was, replacing the face in his/her memory with that of the man.2. Specifically, give me a number of seconds or days or hours or years, that a woman who does make a false rape claim should get in prison.Sentencing must be determined on a case by case basis based on: 1. The circumstances of the crime. 2. The criminals prior convictions. 3. Harm to the victim. Rigid sentencing guidelines have caused serious problems throughout the criminal justice system. False report of any crime is a crime.3. If rape is really just about power, why are most rapes of women in their child bearing/fertile age? Please don't give me some story about a man who raped an 80 year old, I am talking overall trends.Rape is a violent crime committed for a variety of reasons. Sometimes power is involved.4. If women are truly raped in these ridiculously high numbers, then doesn't it suggest that woman need to change their behavior, ie, dress, excess drinking in order to prevent this?No, the fact that women are raped in no way suggests that women are at fault for being raped. Men are much more likely to be victims of assault: that does not mean the assault is the fault of the victim due to some sort of typical male behavior.

John Dias
11 years ago

>@David Futrelle:>Rape in this country is surprisingly easy to get away with. The arrest rate last year was just 25 percent – a fraction of the rate for murder – 79 percent, and aggravated assault – 51 percent.http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/11/09/cbsnews_investigates/main5590118.shtmlThe arrest rate? This is your evidence that rape occurred, and that the accused was in fact the perpetrator? We have a thing in this country called "probable cause" which prohibits someone from being arrested in an effort to preserve the rights of the innocent.What next, are you going to point me to an article on "Alas, a blog?" How about that scion of rhetorical caution, Amanda Marcotte?"If you have a study that suggests that the overwhelming majority of these reported rapes are simply imaginary, let's see it."If there was a rape, then investigate it. If there is a suspect, then investigate the suspect. If the evidence reinforces the veracity of the allegation, then file an indictment. If a jury agrees with the prosecutor, then carry out the sentence. But don't tell me that the absence of an arrest is necessarily proof that an injustice occurred. Am I now supposed to produce some sort study "proving innocence?" Proving a negative? To do that, we would need to become a surveillance society, videotaping everyone in all places and at all times, whether they are alone, in company, in a consensual sexual encounter, or in a non-consensual sexual encounter. You sure have a lot of nerve to demand this of me, rather than to acknowledge the perfectly reasonable assertion that a significant portion of rape allegations are completely without the necessary foundation to justify incarcerating a human being.

Tec
Tec
11 years ago

>@John wtf are you talking about? In what fucked up universe does the fact only 35.3% of rapes (in the specific study) went to further prosecution suggest to you that currently prosecuters are not "exercising discretion"??? Especially if it means 59% of rapes are not prosecuted in any way at all.The only way to increase number of actual rapes being prosecuted and convicted and decrease the number of false convictions IS proper rape investigations by police, not dismissal of the victim as commonly done. Take the example of one of Russell William's rape victims, Laurie Massicote:"Out of the respect of the deceased,I will not even attempt to be heard @ this time, submit my impact statement, nor show my face or presence in that court in Belleville since my regretful appearance Monday A.M., when me & my family literally fled that court house @ 11:20, the 1st possible dignified break after hearing THE GUILTY PLEA on all counts with the sexual assaults being blended with the other less serious, none the less disturbing home invasions. I feel that there is a time & place for everything & it is my belief for the living DEAD and their families. Call me over sensitive but those are my true feelings on how this case is being conducted as a survivor of his Hanois (sic) violent acts. So be it! I once again feel used & disrespected by the Crown & the police.I feel liked chopped liver & I can’t even comprehend how the little one is feeling. Now if I could get a message out to the masses it would be-if you survive a violent act of sex don’t report it, just run for cover & find your own protection minus the police & the system they represent." She was dismissed by the police. Now, after two women were brutally raped and murdered, Lt. Comeau, and Jessica Lloyd, Russell Williams is finally in jail.Engaging in victim-blaming isn't going to do anything but make true victims into criminals for something the rapist did, and put more rapists on the street. Hence shield laws to protect those victims from said victim-blaming.And how many times are genuine rape cases dismissed because of "forming conclusions" which incidently, is EXACTLY what you advocate with revoking shield laws, and allowing victims to be put on trial when they're not the accused. (If the accused is suspected of lying, then the allegation should be met in a SEPARATE trial where the rape victim is the defendant, and enjoys her/his right of being assumed innocent before proven guilty vs. automatically assumed guilty as you MRAs would like.) So what's the deal then, it's only okay when it works in men's favour? Fucking hypocrite. I'm getting really disgusted of you MRAs talking out of both sides of your mouth – why don't you try to review the obvious clear double standards in your arguments?

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